Frequently Asked Questions

Freehold property pertains to a particular type of property acquisition, wherein the purchaser assumes ownership of both the land and the physical structure. In this scenario, the buyer becomes the landowner, holding the title deed under their name, granting them complete legal rights and responsibilities over the property. Furthermore, this ownership extends to the buyer’s heirs, enabling them to inherit the freehold property from the original title deed holder.

One of the most significant advantages of possessing a freehold property lies in the owner’s autonomy to utilize, lease, occupy, or sell the property as they see fit, adhering to the local rules and regulations governing real estate. This latitude provides ample flexibility for the owner to leverage the property for personal use or capitalize on it for commercial purposes, thus presenting a myriad of opportunities for growth and investment.

In the context of Dubai, the introduction of freehold properties was a strategic move aimed at encouraging foreign investment in the local real estate market. By allowing expatriates and non-citizens to acquire freehold properties in designated areas, such as Dubai Marina, Emirates Hills, Al Barsha, and Palm Jumeirah, the city attracted substantial international interest. These locations have emerged as particularly popular among expatriates seeking to purchase property in Dubai, presenting them with the opportunity to establish a permanent residence or a lucrative investment venture in this thriving metropolis.

Oqood is a significant initiative launched by ERES (Emirates Real Estate Solutions), introducing an advanced online platform designed to safeguard the legitimacy and credibility of property transactions for both buyers and sellers. This pioneering platform serves as a means to verify and authenticate the ownership of various real estate assets, encompassing land, villas, and apartments, among others.

Intriguingly, the term “Oqood” originates from Arabic, translating to “contracts” in English. This nomenclature aptly reflects the primary objective of the platform – facilitating secure and transparent contractual agreements between parties involved in real estate dealings. By leveraging the power of technology and digital infrastructure, Oqood strives to streamline and enhance the entire process of property transactions, instilling confidence in buyers and sellers alike.

Through the utilization of Oqood, real estate stakeholders can gain access to a comprehensive repository of verified property records and associated documents, effectively eliminating the risk of fraudulent or ambiguous transactions. Moreover, the platform acts as a centralized hub for authenticating the legality of property ownership, ensuring that both parties can proceed with their transactions with utmost peace of mind.

Off-plan property in Dubai refers to real estate projects that are offered for sale by developers before they are completed or constructed. In this context, “off-plan” means that the property is still in the planning and development stage, and construction has not yet commenced or has just begun.

Investing in off-plan properties allows buyers to purchase a property at its initial stages of development, often at a lower price compared to completed properties in the same area. This early investment opportunity can be appealing to investors and homebuyers looking to secure a property at a potentially lower cost and expect capital appreciation as the development progresses.

When buying an off-plan property, buyers usually make a down payment, followed by staggered payments during various stages of construction. The final payment is typically made upon completion and handover of the property. During the construction period, buyers have the advantage of time to plan their finances and make preparations for the eventual ownership of the property.

Additionally, some developers may offer attractive payment plans, incentives, or customization options during the off-plan sales phase to attract buyers. Buyers can also have the opportunity to choose from a variety of units within the project, based on their preferences and budget.

It is essential to conduct thorough research and due diligence before investing in an off-plan property. This includes verifying the reputation and track record of the developer, understanding the project’s specifications and timeline, and considering the location’s potential for growth and rental demand.

Investing in off-plan properties can offer rewarding opportunities, but it also carries certain risks, such as construction delays or changes in market conditions. Buyers should carefully assess their financial capacity and risk tolerance before committing to an off-plan property investment in Dubai or any other market.

In the UAE, DLD stands for “Dubai Land Department.” The Dubai Land Department is a government entity responsible for overseeing and regulating the real estate sector in the Emirate of Dubai. It plays a vital role in maintaining the transparency, efficiency, and credibility of the real estate market in Dubai.

The primary functions of the Dubai Land Department include:

  • Property Registration: DLD is responsible for registering all real estate transactions, including property sales, leases, and mortgages. It ensures that all property-related documents are legally recorded and stored.
  • Regulation and Licensing: The DLD sets and enforces rules and regulations governing real estate transactions, property developers, brokers, and related service providers. It issues licenses to real estate professionals, ensuring their compliance with industry standards.
  • Investor Protection: DLD works to protect the rights of property buyers and investors by enforcing laws and regulations that govern the real estate market. It also provides resources and information to help investors make informed decisions.
  • Market Data and Reports: DLD collects and analyzes data related to the real estate market in Dubai. It publishes reports and statistics that offer insights into market trends, pricing, and overall market conditions.
  • Real Estate Projects Approval: DLD reviews and approves real estate development projects to ensure they meet necessary standards and requirements.

The Dubai Land Department’s efforts have contributed to making Dubai’s real estate market one of the most attractive and dynamic in the region, attracting local and international investors and buyers. It has played a crucial role in shaping the growth and development of Dubai’s real estate sector.

In the context of real estate transactions in Dubai, a DLD waiver refers to an exemption or waiver provided by the Dubai Land Department (DLD) for certain fees or charges that would typically be applicable during property transactions. The DLD may grant these waivers under specific circumstances or to incentivize certain activities within the real estate market.

There are various scenarios where the DLD may offer a waiver:

  • 1. Promotional Campaigns: Occasionally, the DLD may launch promotional campaigns to stimulate real estate activity or boost market sentiment. During these campaigns, the DLD may offer temporary waivers on specific fees, such as property registration fees or transfer fees, to encourage buyers and investors to participate in the market.
  • 2. Certain Types of Transactions: In certain cases, the DLD may provide waivers for specific types of transactions or specific categories of buyers. For example, first-time buyers, UAE nationals, or certain categories of investors may be eligible for fee waivers to facilitate their property acquisitions.
  • 3. Government Initiatives: Waivers may be offered as part of broader government initiatives to support certain sectors or economic activities. The real estate sector is often considered a key driver of economic growth, and targeted waivers may be implemented to promote investment and development in the market.
  • 4. Special Circumstances: In exceptional cases, the DLD may grant waivers due to unique circumstances or in response to specific challenges faced by the real estate sector. These waivers are typically considered on a case-by-case basis.

It is important to note that DLD waivers are typically time-limited and subject to specific conditions or eligibility criteria. When a DLD waiver is in effect, it provides cost-saving benefits for buyers, investors, or other stakeholders involved in real estate transactions. However, individuals and entities must stay informed about the latest announcements and updates from the DLD to take advantage of any applicable waivers during property transactions.

In Dubai, the terms “freehold” and “leasehold” refer to two different types of property ownership arrangements, each with its distinct characteristics and implications for the property owner.

  1. Freehold:
  • Freehold ownership grants the buyer full and unrestricted ownership of the property, including both the land and any structures built on it. As a freehold property owner, you have complete control over the property and can use it for any purpose, whether it be residential, commercial, or for investment purposes. You have the right to lease, sell, or transfer the property as you see fit, and you are also entitled to pass it on to your heirs through inheritance.

In Dubai, the introduction of freehold property ownership was a significant milestone as it allowed foreigners and expatriates to acquire full ownership of properties in designated freehold areas. This change has attracted a considerable amount of foreign investment and has contributed to the rapid growth and development of the city’s real estate sector.

  1. Leasehold:
  • Leasehold ownership, on the other hand, grants the buyer the right to use and occupy the property for a specified period, typically a long-term lease agreement. However, the ownership of the land itself remains with the landowner, who is often a government entity or a real estate developer. Leasehold properties are common in areas where freehold ownership is not permitted or in specific developments where the land is not available for freehold purchase.

A leasehold property owner has certain limitations compared to a freehold owner. The lease agreement specifies the duration of the lease, and at the end of the lease term, the ownership of the property typically reverts to the landowner unless the lease is renewed or extended.

It is essential for buyers to understand the difference between freehold and leasehold properties in Dubai before making a purchase decision. Both types of ownership offer unique advantages and considerations, and the choice depends on the buyer’s preferences, long-term plans, and investment objectives. When considering a property in Dubai, it is advisable to seek professional advice and conduct thorough due diligence to make an informed decision that aligns with your needs and goals.

RERA stands for “Real Estate Regulatory Authority” in Dubai. It is a government entity established to regulate and oversee the real estate sector in the Emirate of Dubai. RERA plays a crucial role in ensuring transparency, fairness, and efficiency within the real estate market, protecting the rights of buyers, investors, and other stakeholders.

Key functions and responsibilities of RERA in Dubai include:

1. Regulation and Licensing: RERA is responsible for regulating the real estate industry, including licensing and overseeing real estate developers, brokers, and other related service providers. The authority sets and enforces professional standards and codes of conduct to ensure ethical practices within the sector.


2. Registration and Documentation: RERA manages the registration and documentation of real estate projects, including off-plan developments, ensuring that all properties, developers, and projects are legally and transparently documented.


3.  Escrow Accounts: RERA mandates that developers deposit buyers’ payments for off-plan properties into escrow accounts. This measure ensures that funds are used solely for the development of the specific project, providing added financial security to buyers.


4. Dispute Resolution: RERA serves as a platform for resolving disputes between buyers, developers, and other parties within the real estate market. It offers mechanisms for mediation and arbitration to settle conflicts and safeguard the interests of all involved parties.


5. Consumer Protection: RERA is committed to protecting the rights of consumers and investors in the real estate market. It provides buyers with essential information, guidelines, and resources to make informed decisions and avoid potential risks.


6. Market Analysis and Data: RERA collects and analyzes data related to the real estate market, including property prices, supply and demand trends, and market indicators. This information is used to develop policies and make informed decisions to support the sustainable growth of the real estate sector.


7. Setting Regulations: RERA establishes regulations and guidelines for various aspects of the real estate market, such as property management, maintenance, and tenant-landlord relations.

RERA’s establishment in 2007 marked a significant step in enhancing the governance and credibility of Dubai’s real estate sector. It has played a vital role in shaping the city’s property market and fostering investor confidence, making Dubai one of the most attractive destinations for real estate investment in the region.

DEWA stands for “Dubai Electricity and Water Authority.” It is a government organization responsible for providing electricity and water services to the residents and businesses in the Emirate of Dubai. Established in 1992, DEWA is one of the leading utility companies in the region and plays a crucial role in supporting the city’s growth and development.

Key functions and responsibilities of DEWA in Dubai include:

1. Electricity Generation and Distribution: DEWA is responsible for generating and distributing electricity across Dubai. The authority operates power plants, transmission networks, and distribution networks to ensure a reliable and continuous supply of electricity to consumers.


2. Water Supply and Distribution: DEWA is also responsible for providing potable water to residential, commercial, and industrial consumers in Dubai. The authority operates water treatment plants, distribution networks, and reservoirs to deliver safe and high-quality water to its customers.


3. Sustainable and Renewable Energy Initiatives: DEWA is actively involved in promoting and implementing sustainable and renewable energy initiatives in Dubai. The authority has launched several projects focused on solar energy, including the world’s largest single-site solar park, the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park.


4. Customer Services: DEWA offers a range of customer services to facilitate bill payments, service requests, and other inquiries. The authority has introduced various online platforms and smart services to enhance customer experience and accessibility.


5. Energy Efficiency and Conservation: DEWA actively promotes energy efficiency and conservation among consumers. It conducts awareness campaigns and provides incentives for energy-saving measures to encourage responsible energy consumption.


6. Smart Initiatives: DEWA is at the forefront of adopting smart technologies and solutions to improve operational efficiency and enhance service delivery. It has implemented smart grids, smart meters, and other innovative technologies to optimize electricity and water management.

DEWA’s commitment to providing reliable utilities and its focus on sustainable and environmentally friendly initiatives have contributed to Dubai’s reputation as a forward-thinking and sustainable city. The authority continues to play a pivotal role in supporting the city’s development and ensuring the well-being of its residents and businesses through efficient and dependable electricity and water services.

To apply for DEWA (Dubai Electricity and Water Authority) services in Dubai, follow these steps:

  • 1. Create a MyDEWA Account: Visit the DEWA website ( and create a MyDEWA account. This account will allow you to manage your services, view bills, and make online payments.
  • 2. Gather Required Documents: Before applying, ensure you have the necessary documents, which typically include a copy of your passport or Emirates ID, a tenancy contract or property ownership documents, and a completed DEWA application form.
  • 3. Choose Application Method: DEWA provides several methods for application submission:
    • Online Application: Log in to your MyDEWA account and submit your application online.
    • In-Person: Visit one of DEWA’s customer happiness centers or kiosks to apply in person.
    • Mobile App: You can also use the DEWA mobile app to apply for services.
  • 4. Fill Out the Application: Provide the required information, including your personal details, the address of the property where you need the services, and any other relevant information.
  • 5. Submit Required Documents: Upload or submit the necessary documents as part of the application process. Ensure you have valid and clear copies of the required documents.
  • 6. Select Service Package: Choose the appropriate service package based on your needs (e.g., residential, commercial).
  • 7. Security Deposit and Connection Fee: DEWA may require a security deposit and connection fee based on the type of property and service package you choose. Ensure you have the necessary funds available for payment.
  • 8. Wait for Activation: Once your application is processed, DEWA will activate your services. You will receive a notification, and you can start using DEWA electricity and water services.
  • 9. Set Up Payment Method: Set up your preferred payment method through your MyDEWA account to ensure prompt bill payments.

It is important to note that the specific application process and requirements may vary based on the type of property (residential or commercial) and your specific location in Dubai. It is advisable to check the DEWA website or contact their customer service for the most up-to-date information and assistance during the application process.

In Dubai, “Ejari” refers to a system for registering tenancy contracts for rental properties with the Real Estate Regulatory Authority (RERA). The Ejari system was established to regulate the rental market, ensure transparency, and protect the rights of both landlords and tenants.

The word “Ejari” is derived from the Arabic term “Ejar,” which translates to “rent” in English. The Ejari system aims to create a standardized and official record of tenancy contracts, making the rental process more secure and straightforward for all parties involved.

Key points about the Ejari system in Dubai:

1. Mandatory Registration: It is mandatory for all rental contracts in Dubai to be registered with the Ejari system. This includes contracts for residential, commercial, and industrial properties.

2. Protection for Tenants: Ejari provides legal protection for tenants, as it creates an official record of the terms and conditions of the tenancy agreement. This helps prevent disputes and ensures that both parties adhere to the terms of the contract.

3. Online Registration: The Ejari system offers an online platform for property owners, real estate agents, and tenants to register rental contracts conveniently. It streamlines the process and eliminates the need for physical visits to registration centers.

4. Issuance of Ejari Certificate: Once the tenancy contract is registered, the Ejari system issues an Ejari certificate. This certificate serves as official proof of the tenancy contract’s registration and is required for various purposes, such as setting up utility services and applying for residency visas.

5. Renewal and Termination: The Ejari system allows for the renewal or termination of tenancy contracts. When a contract is renewed or terminated, the changes must be updated in the Ejari system.

6. Fee Payment: There is a fee associated with registering a tenancy contract with Ejari. The fee is typically borne by the tenant, although the parties involved may negotiate the payment arrangement.

The Ejari system has significantly contributed to enhancing the transparency and reliability of the rental market in Dubai. It has brought greater confidence to both landlords and tenants, ensuring smoother tenancy experiences and reducing the likelihood of disputes related to rental agreements.

To apply for Ejari registration in Dubai, follow these steps:

  • 1. Collect Required Documents: Gather all the necessary documents required for Ejari registration. These typically include:
    • Passport copy and visa page for both the tenant and the landlord (if individuals).
    • Emirates ID copy for both the tenant and the landlord (if applicable).
    • Title deed or property ownership certificate (for individual landlords).
    • Trade license (for corporate landlords).
    • Tenancy contract signed by both parties.
  • 2. Select a Typing Center: Choose an authorized Ejari typing center to process your application. These centers are available across Dubai and can be found in various government offices, shopping malls, or business centers.
  • 3. Prepare the Tenancy Contract: Ensure that you have a valid and duly signed tenancy contract between the tenant and the landlord. The contract should include all the essential terms and conditions of the rental agreement, such as the rental amount, payment schedule, duration, and other agreed-upon clauses.
  • 4. Visit the Typing Center: Visit the selected Ejari typing center with all the required documents and the tenancy contract. The typing center’s staff will assist you in the application process and guide you through the required steps.
  • 5. Fill out the Application Form: Complete the Ejari registration application form provided by the typing center. Provide accurate information and ensure that all details are correctly filled.
  • 6. Submit the Documents: Submit all the necessary documents, including the signed tenancy contract, passport copies, and Emirates ID copies for both the tenant and the landlord (if applicable).
  • 7. Payment of Fees: Pay the Ejari registration fee at the typing center. The fee may vary depending on the property type and the typing center’s location.
  • 8. Obtain Ejari Certificate: Once the application is processed and approved, the Ejari system will issue an Ejari certificate. This certificate serves as official proof of the tenancy contract’s registration.
  • 9. Collect the Certificate: Collect the Ejari certificate from the typing center. Ensure you keep a copy of the certificate for your records and any future reference.

The Ejari certificate is essential for various purposes, such as setting up utility services, obtaining residency visas, and for legal and official matters related to the tenancy. It is crucial to complete the Ejari registration promptly after signing the tenancy contract to comply with Dubai’s regulations and ensure a smooth tenancy experience for both the tenant and the landlord.

Yes, you need Ejari registration for DEWA (Dubai Electricity and Water Authority) services in Dubai. Ejari registration is mandatory for all rental properties in Dubai, and it serves as proof of the tenancy contract’s registration with the Real Estate Regulatory Authority (RERA).

When applying for DEWA services as a tenant in Dubai, you will be required to provide the Ejari certificate as part of the documentation process. DEWA uses the Ejari certificate to verify that the tenancy contract is legally registered, and it helps ensure that the property is not being illegally subleased.

Without a valid Ejari certificate, DEWA may not process your application for electricity and water services. Therefore, it is essential to complete the Ejari registration promptly after signing the tenancy contract to ensure a seamless process when applying for DEWA services.

To obtain the Ejari certificate, you need to visit an authorized Ejari typing center with all the required documents, including the signed tenancy contract, passport copies, and Emirates ID copies for both the tenant and the landlord (if applicable). Once the application is processed and approved, the Ejari system will issue the Ejari certificate, which you can then submit to DEWA when applying for their services.

In the context of renting a property in Dubai, the security deposit is a refundable amount that the tenant pays to the landlord as a form of financial assurance. The security deposit is intended to protect the landlord against any potential damages to the property or unpaid rents during the tenancy period. It acts as a form of security for the landlord and is refundable to the tenant at the end of the tenancy, provided that the property is returned in good condition and there are no outstanding dues.

The typical security deposit amount in Dubai is generally equivalent to 10% for Furnished property and 5% unfurnished for one or one month’s rent. However, this can vary depending on the terms of the tenancy agreement and negotiations between the landlord and tenant. Some landlords may ask for a higher security deposit, while others may accept a lower amount, especially in the case of longer-term leases or corporate tenants.

The security deposit covers several aspects, including:

  • Property Damages: The deposit serves as protection for the landlord against any damages caused to the property beyond normal wear and tear. This may include repairs to walls, fixtures, appliances, or any other part of the property.
  • Unpaid Rent: The security deposit may cover any outstanding rent or utility payments owed by the tenant at the end of the tenancy.
  • Cleaning Costs: If the property is not returned in a clean condition, the landlord may deduct the cost of cleaning from the security deposit.
  • Missing Items: If any items listed in the inventory are missing or damaged, the cost of replacement or repair may be deducted from the security deposit.

It is crucial for both landlords and tenants to conduct a thorough inspection of the property and document its condition at the beginning and end of the tenancy to avoid disputes over the security deposit. The landlord must return the security deposit to the tenant within a reasonable period after the tenancy ends, typically within 14 to 30 days, depending on the local regulations and terms of the tenancy agreement. If any deductions are made from the deposit, the landlord must provide a detailed breakdown of the expenses incurred.

When entering into a tenancy contract in Dubai, both the landlord and tenant are required to provide specific documents to ensure a legally valid and registered agreement. The required documents may vary depending on the type of property and the specific requirements of the parties involved. Here are the typical documents needed for a tenancy contract in Dubai:

For the Tenant:

  • 1.Passport Copy: A clear copy of the tenant’s passport with a valid residency visa page (if applicable). For UAE nationals, a copy of their Emirates ID may be required.
  • 2.Visa Page (for Non-GCC Nationals): If the tenant is a non-GCC national, a copy of the residency visa page is required.
  • 3. Emirates ID: A copy of the tenant’s Emirates ID (if applicable).
  • 4.Income Documents: Some landlords may request income documents, such as salary certificates or bank statements, as proof of the tenant’s ability to pay the rent.

For the Landlord:

  • 1.Passport Copy: A clear copy of the landlord’s passport.
  • 2.Title Deed or Oqood (for Individual Landlords): A copy of the title deed or 3.Oqood (pre-approval certificate) from the Dubai Land Department for the property.
  • 4.Trade License (for Corporate Landlords): If the property is owned by a company or corporate entity, a copy of the trade license is required.

Other Essential Documents:

  • 1. Ejari Certificate: The Ejari certificate, obtained after registering the tenancy contract with the Real Estate Regulatory Authority (RERA), is mandatory for all rental contracts in Dubai.
  • 2. Tenancy Contract: The actual tenancy contract signed by both the tenant and the landlord, outlining the terms and conditions of the lease, including the rental amount, duration of the contract, and other essential details.
  • 3. Security Deposit Receipt: A receipt or proof of payment for the security deposit paid by the tenant to the landlord.
  • 4. Cheques: In Dubai, post-dated cheques for the rental payments are commonly used. The required number of cheques and their amounts should be agreed upon between the landlord and tenant and specified in the tenancy contract.
  • 5. DEWA Registration: A copy of the DEWA (Dubai Electricity and Water Authority) registration in the landlord’s name, which is essential for transferring utility services to the tenant’s name.

It is important to note that these documents are generally required for residential tenancy contracts. For commercial properties or unique rental agreements, additional documents and specific requirements may apply. Both parties should ensure that all necessary documentation is accurate, complete, and duly signed to avoid any legal or administrative issues during the tenancy period.

Yes, in Dubai, it is mandatory to register your tenancy contract with Ejari (the online system of the Real Estate Regulatory Authority – RERA). Ejari registration is a legal requirement for all rental contracts, including both residential and commercial properties. The process ensures that the tenancy agreement is officially documented and recognized by the authorities, providing legal protection and rights for both the landlord and the tenant.

Here are the key reasons why Ejari registration is essential:

  • 1. Legal Validity: Registering the tenancy contract with Ejari gives it legal validity. It helps establish a formal agreement recognized by the Dubai government, ensuring that the contract complies with all relevant laws and regulations.
  • 2. Tenant Visa and Residency: For tenants who require a residency visa in Dubai, Ejari registration is a prerequisite for obtaining or renewing their visa. Immigration authorities may request a copy of the Ejari certificate as part of the visa application process.
  • 3. Utility Connections: DEWA (Dubai Electricity and Water Authority) requires an Ejari certificate to set up utility connections (electricity and water) at the rented property in the tenant’s name.
  • 4. Dispute Resolution: In case of any disputes between the landlord and the tenant, the Ejari registration serves as official documentation of the tenancy agreement. This helps in resolving disputes and ensures that both parties adhere to the terms of the contract.
  • 5. Rent Increase Regulations: The Ejari registration system monitors rent increases and helps enforce the rent cap regulations set by the Dubai government. This ensures that the landlord abides by the approved rental rates and avoids unjustified rent hikes.

To register your tenancy contract with Ejari, you need to visit an authorized Ejari typing center with all the required documents, including copies of your passport, visa page (if applicable), Emirates ID (if applicable), and the signed tenancy contract. The typing center staff will assist you in completing the registration process and issue the Ejari certificate once the application is approved. Both the landlord and the tenant should receive a copy of the Ejari certificate as proof of registration

Yes, you can terminate your tenancy agreement during the tenancy period in Dubai, but there are certain conditions and procedures that you must follow. Both the landlord and the tenant have the right to terminate the tenancy agreement before its expiration, subject to the terms and conditions specified in the contract and the laws and regulations of Dubai.

Here are the common scenarios for terminating a tenancy agreement during the tenancy period:

  1. Early Termination by the Tenant:
  • Notify the Landlord: If you, as the tenant, wish to terminate the tenancy agreement before its expiration, you must provide written notice to the landlord. The notice period is typically mentioned in the tenancy contract, and it is often 30 days.
  • Pay Penalty: Early termination may result in a penalty or loss of the security deposit, as agreed upon in the contract. The penalty amount is usually calculated based on the remaining months of the contract or a specific percentage of the annual rent.
  • Negotiate with the Landlord: You can try to negotiate with the landlord to minimize the penalty or reach a mutual agreement on the termination terms.
  1. Early Termination by the Landlord:
  • Written Notice: If the landlord wishes to terminate the tenancy agreement before its expiration, they must provide written notice to the tenant, as specified in the contract. The notice period is typically 12 months for residential properties and 3 months for commercial properties.
  • Legal Grounds: The landlord must have valid reasons to terminate the tenancy agreement, such as wanting to sell or occupy the property or if the tenant is in breach of the contract.
  1. Mutual Agreement:
  • If both the landlord and the tenant agree to terminate the tenancy agreement before its expiration, they can do so through a mutual agreement in writing. The terms of the termination, including any penalties or notice periods, should be clearly outlined in the agreement.

It’s essential to refer to the specific terms and conditions stated in your tenancy contract and consult with the landlord to understand the procedure and implications of terminating the agreement early. In case of any disputes or disagreements, you may seek legal advice or mediation to resolve the matter amicably. Remember that early termination of a tenancy agreement may have financial implications, so it’s important to consider all aspects before making a decision.

Empower” stands for “Emirates Central Cooling Systems Corporation.” It is a district cooling company based in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Empower is one of the leading district cooling providers in the region and is responsible for supplying chilled water for air conditioning purposes to various residential, commercial, and industrial buildings in Dubai.

District cooling is an energy-efficient and eco-friendly cooling solution that centralizes the production and distribution of chilled water. Instead of individual buildings having their own cooling systems, district cooling plants like Empower produce chilled water at a central location and distribute it through a network of insulated pipes to multiple buildings. This centralized approach offers several advantages, including reduced energy consumption, cost savings, and a more sustainable cooling solution for large urban developments.

Empower has played a crucial role in Dubai’s sustainable development and is actively involved in promoting green initiatives and supporting the city’s efforts to become more energy-efficient and environmentally friendly. The company’s district cooling services have contributed to enhancing the overall efficiency and sustainability of the city’s infrastructure, particularly in areas with high population density and significant cooling demands.

To connect your property to Empower district cooling services in Dubai, you need to follow these steps:

  • 1. Check Availability: First, ensure that your property is located in an area where Empower provides district cooling services. Empower’s services are available in specific buildings and developments in Dubai, so confirm if your property is within their coverage area.
  • 2. Contact the Property Management/Developer: If you are renting the property, contact the property management company or the landlord to inquire about the availability of Empower district cooling services. If you are the owner, check with the developer or building management.
  • 3. Request Connection: If Empower district cooling services are available for your property, request the connection by submitting an application to the property management or developer. They will coordinate with Empower on your behalf.
  • 4. Account Registration: Once the connection request is processed, Empower will set up a billing account in your name. You may need to provide your personal details and contact information for the account registration.
  • 5. Installation of Cooling Equipment: Empower will install the necessary cooling equipment and meters to measure the consumption of chilled water in your property. This may involve connecting your air conditioning system to Empower’s chilled water network.
  • 6. Start Using District Cooling: Once the installation is complete, you can start using Empower district cooling services to keep your property cool.
  • 7. Receive Bills: Empower will send you monthly bills based on your consumption of chilled water. The bills will reflect the cooling services you have used during the billing period.
  • 8. Payment of Bills: You are responsible for paying the district cooling bills to Empower. The bills can typically be paid through various methods, including online payment portals, bank transfers, or authorized payment centers.

It’s essential to communicate with the property management or developer throughout the process to ensure a smooth connection to Empower district cooling services. Additionally, familiarize yourself with the terms and conditions, as well as the tariff rates for the cooling services provided by Empower.

Please note that the specific steps and procedures may vary depending on the property and the arrangements made by the property management or developer with Empower. Always reach out to them for the most accurate and up-to-date information regarding connecting your property to Empower district cooling services.

In Dubai, landlords are not allowed to disconnect DEWA (Dubai Electricity and Water Authority), Empower (district cooling services), or any other essential utility services to force a tenant to vacate the property. Such actions are considered illegal and are in violation of the tenancy laws and regulations in Dubai.

The relationship between a landlord and a tenant is governed by the Dubai Rental Law, which provides certain rights and responsibilities to both parties. The law ensures that tenants have the right to enjoy essential services and utilities during the tenancy period. Disconnecting essential services as a means of eviction is considered a serious breach of the tenant’s rights.

If a landlord wants to end the tenancy and request the tenant to vacate the property, they must follow the proper legal procedures for eviction, which may include the following:

  • 1. Notice Period: The landlord must provide the tenant with a written notice of eviction, specifying the reason for termination and the required notice period. The notice period may vary based on the reason for eviction (e.g., non-payment of rent, expiry of tenancy contract).
  • 2. Legal Grounds for Eviction: The landlord must have valid reasons for evicting the tenant, as per the provisions of the Dubai Rental Law. Common valid reasons may include non-payment of rent, breach of tenancy agreement, or the landlord’s intention to use the property for personal use.
  • 3. Rental Dispute Center: If there is a dispute between the landlord and the tenant regarding the eviction, either party can escalate the matter to the Dubai Rental Dispute Center for resolution.
  • 4. Eviction by Court Order: In cases where the tenant refuses to vacate the property despite proper notice, the landlord may need to obtain a court order for eviction.
  • 5. Non-Renewal of Tenancy Contract: If the tenancy contract has reached its expiry date and the landlord does not wish to renew it, they must provide the tenant with sufficient notice as per the Dubai Rental Law.

It’s important for both landlords and tenants to be aware of their rights and responsibilities under the Dubai Rental Law to ensure a fair and lawful tenancy process. If either party faces issues or disputes, seeking legal advice or assistance from the relevant authorities can help resolve the matter in a proper and legal manner.

The purchase of an off-plan property in Dubai involves buying a property that is still under construction or development. Off-plan properties are sold by developers before they are completed, offering buyers the opportunity to invest in a property at a potentially lower price and with flexible payment plans. The process of purchasing an off-plan property in Dubai typically involves the following steps:

  1. Research and Selection:
  • Research various off-plan projects and developers in Dubai. Consider factors like location, developer reputation, project amenities, and payment plans.
  • Select the off-plan property that meets your requirements and budget.
  1. Booking and Reservation:
  • Contact the developer or the developer’s sales team to inquire about the availability of the unit you wish to purchase.
  • Reserve the unit by paying a booking fee or reservation deposit. This fee varies between developers but is typically around 5% to 10% of the property’s total price.
  1. Sales and Purchase Agreement (SPA):
  • Once the unit is reserved, the developer will prepare the Sales and Purchase Agreement (SPA). This agreement outlines the terms and conditions of the purchase, including the payment schedule, delivery date, and other important details.
  • Review the SPA carefully, and seek legal advice if needed to ensure that your interests are protected.
  1. Payment Schedule:
  • The SPA will specify the payment schedule. Off-plan purchases often involve paying in installments over the construction period, with the final payment due upon completion or handover of the property.
  • Follow the payment schedule and make timely payments as per the agreement.
  1. No Objection Certificate (NOC) and Title Deed:
  • The developer is responsible for obtaining the necessary approvals and permits from the relevant authorities, including the No Objection Certificate (NOC).
  • Upon completion, the developer will transfer the property’s title to your name through a Title Deed.
  1. Handover and Inspection:
  • Once the property is completed, the developer will arrange for the handover of the unit. You will be given the opportunity to inspect the property and ensure that it meets the agreed specifications.
  1. Registration and Oqood:
  • After the inspection, the property will be registered in your name with the Dubai Land Department, and an Oqood (pre-approval certificate) will be issued.
  1. Final Payment and Transfer of Ownership:
  • Pay the final installment as per the SPA to complete the purchase.
  • The property’s ownership will be transferred to you officially through the registration process with the Dubai Land Department.

It’s important to work with reputable developers and seek professional advice throughout the off-plan property purchase process in Dubai to ensure a smooth and successful transaction. Additionally, be aware of the developer’s track record, the project’s progress, and any updates or changes in the development timeline.

The time it takes to register the sale of a real estate property and receive the ownership certificate in Dubai can vary depending on several factors, including the efficiency of the involved parties, the complexity of the transaction, and the workload of the Dubai Land Department (DLD). 


Transfer of Ownership Process: Once the sale of the property is completed and all required documents are prepared, the buyer and seller must visit the DLD to start the transfer of ownership process.

Document Verification and Approval: The DLD will verify all the documents, including the Sales and Purchase Agreement (SPA) and No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the developer, if applicable. The DLD may also conduct necessary checks to ensure compliance with regulations.

Transfer Fees and Payment: The buyer must pay the required transfer fees and any outstanding fees or fines related to the property.

Title Deed Issuance: After the documents are verified, and all fees are paid, the DLD will issue the Title Deed transferring the property’s ownership to the buyer.

The time frame for the registration and issuance of the ownership certificate can take anywhere from a few days to several weeks, depending on the efficiency of the processes and the volume of transactions being handled by the DLD. Some factors that may affect the timeline include:

  • Completeness of Documentation: If all required documents are submitted correctly and without any issues, the process is likely to be faster.
  • Workload at the DLD: During peak seasons or busy periods, such as when there is high real estate activity, the processing time at the DLD may be longer.
  • Developer NOC: If the property is in a master development and requires a No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the developer, any delays in obtaining the NOC may impact the overall registration process.
  • Mortgage Clearance (if applicable): If the property has an existing mortgage, additional time may be needed to clear the mortgage and complete the transfer process.

It’s essential to work with a reliable and experienced real estate agent or legal professional who can guide you through the process and keep you informed about the progress. Additionally, staying proactive and ensuring all required documents are ready can help expedite the registration and ownership certificate issuance process.

Buying a property in Dubai without visiting in person is possible, but it requires careful planning and reliance on trusted professionals to ensure a smooth and successful transaction. Here are the steps you can follow to buy a property in Dubai remotely:

  • Research and Select a Property: Conduct thorough research on the Dubai property market and identify the area and type of property that aligns with your preferences and budget. Use reputable online real estate platforms to explore property listings, virtual tours, photos, and detailed descriptions.
  • Engage a Local Real Estate Agent: It is crucial to work with a trustworthy and experienced real estate agent based in Dubai. Your agent will act as your representative and guide you through the buying process, conduct property viewings on your behalf, and provide valuable insights about the local market.
  • Video Call Property Viewings: Request your real estate agent to conduct virtual property viewings for you. They can schedule video calls and walk you through the properties of interest, showcasing the interiors, exteriors, and any specific features you want to see.
  • Verify Property Details: Request comprehensive information about the property, including floor plans, specifications, payment plans, and any legal documents related to the property.
  • Secure Financing: If you require financing, explore mortgage options with local banks in Dubai. Provide all necessary documentation remotely and arrange for financing approval.
  • Legal Assistance: Engage a reputable real estate attorney in Dubai to handle the legal aspects of the transaction. Your attorney can review the sales and purchase agreement (SPA), conduct due diligence, and ensure that all legal requirements are met.
  • Remote Communication: Stay in constant communication with your real estate agent and attorney through phone calls, emails, and video conferences to address any questions or concerns.
  • Appointment of Power of Attorney (PoA): To complete the transaction, you may need to appoint a trusted individual as your Power of Attorney (PoA). The PoA holder will represent you in person for signing documents and completing the purchase on your behalf.
  • Transfer of Funds: Work with your bank to securely transfer funds for the property purchase. Ensure that all payments are made through secure channels.
  • Title Deed and Registration: Once the property purchase is complete, your attorney will ensure that the Title Deed is transferred to your name and registered with the Dubai Land Department.
  • Receive Ownership Documents: Your attorney or real estate agent will send you the ownership documents, including the Title Deed, as proof of your property ownership.

Buying a property remotely in Dubai requires a high level of trust in your representatives, so ensure that you work with reputable professionals who have a track record of success in remote property transactions. Stay vigilant, do thorough due diligence, and be prepared to make informed decisions throughout the process.

Yes, you can resell an off-plan property in Dubai before its completion, but there are certain considerations and restrictions to keep in mind:

  1. Developer’s Approval: Many developers in Dubai have specific policies regarding the resale of off-plan properties. Some may allow it, while others may require approval or charge a fee for the transfer of the contract to a new buyer.
  2. Transfer Fee and Oqood: When reselling an off-plan property, you may need to pay a transfer fee to the developer or the Dubai Land Department (DLD). Additionally, an Oqood (pre-approval certificate) is issued when the property is initially sold, and this certificate may need to be transferred to the new buyer.
  3. Change in Property Value: Depending on market conditions, the value of the off-plan property may have appreciated or depreciated since the initial purchase. Consider the current market conditions before setting a resale price.
  4. Buyer’s Market Knowledge: As a seller, ensure that the new buyer is aware of the property’s off-plan status, the expected completion date, and the terms of the original purchase agreement.
  5. No Objection Certificate (NOC): If the developer requires an NOC for resale, you may need to obtain this document before completing the transaction.
  6. Contract Transfer: The contract transfer process will require paperwork and coordination between the seller, buyer, and the developer (or the developer’s authorized agency).
  7. Agent Involvement: Consider engaging a real estate agent to facilitate the resale process, especially if you are not familiar with the local procedures and regulations.

It’s important to review the terms and conditions of your original off-plan purchase agreement and consult with the developer or a legal expert to understand the specific requirements and procedures for reselling the property. Additionally, the Dubai real estate market is subject to regulations and market fluctuations, so be aware of any potential impacts on the resale value of your property

Yes, foreign nationals can buy property in Dubai. The United Arab Emirates (UAE), including Dubai, has relatively liberal property ownership laws that allow non-UAE nationals to own real estate in designated areas. However, there are specific regulations and guidelines that foreign nationals need to follow when purchasing property in Dubai:

Freehold Areas: Non-UAE nationals are allowed to buy property in designated freehold areas in Dubai. These areas are typically found in popular expatriate neighborhoods and areas developed for foreign investment.

Leasehold Areas: In leasehold areas, non-UAE nationals can buy properties with leasehold rights, which grants ownership of the property for a specific period. Leasehold rights can be for 99 years or shorter durations, depending on the developer’s policy.

Restricted Areas: Some areas in Dubai are designated as restricted or “off-limits” to foreign property ownership. These areas are typically reserved for UAE nationals only.

Property Types: Foreign nationals can buy various types of properties, including residential apartments, villas, townhouses, and commercial properties.

Registration and Fees: When purchasing a property, foreign nationals are required to register the property with the Dubai Land Department (DLD) and pay related fees, including the property registration fee and the DLD’s transfer fee.

Financing: Non-UAE nationals can apply for mortgages with local banks in Dubai to finance their property purchases, subject to the banks’ lending criteria.

Visa Requirements: Owning a property in Dubai does not automatically grant a residency visa. Foreign property owners must apply for a residence visa separately, and eligibility criteria apply.

It’s essential for foreign nationals to be aware of the specific regulations and procedures related to property ownership in Dubai. Working with a reputable real estate agent and seeking legal advice can help navigate the process smoothly and ensure compliance with all applicable laws and regulations.

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